Ubuntu is an open source Debian based Linux distribution that can be used on desktops, laptops and servers. It is an operating system that comprised of all features of a UNIX OS with an added customizable GUI (Graphical User Interface). Ubuntu is primarily designed to be used in personal desktops, even though the server edition does not exist. Ubuntu is an African word that consists of actual meaning- “humanity to others”.
Ubuntu was first introduced in 2004. The project is sponsored by Canonical Ltd., a U.K.based enterprise that derive revenues by selling support and services to complement Ubuntu.The company releases a new version of Ubuntu every six months and caters support in the form of patches and security releases for every 18 months. Ubuntu operating system incorporates many software packages, which are licensed under GNU (General Public License). It allows users to copy, modify, and redistribute their own version of the program. Firefox and Libre Office are some software applications that come with Ubuntu.