The Internet of Things is the next big thing to hit the world and with it, changes in the cloud computing world are also predicted. Whether it is web-connected appliances like coffee machines and fridges or software-defined cars, smart glasses or smart watches, the IoT will bring in changes in every aspect of our daily lives. 


This IoT global market has just been born and is destined to grow at a dramatic rate in the next decade as more and more people begin using the Internet through hundreds of devices. This is why fog computing has made its entry; this is basically an extension of cloud technology. This technology became necessary with the huge numbers of web-connected devices making their foray into our lives. In a data center the existing number of devices connected to each other is likely to explode to thousands and because every device is getting connected through the web; communication today is more important than anything else. So, it is perhaps more feasible to bring real computing technologies closer to end-user devices.

IoT relies on data management over really short time-periods and even the slightest of delays cannot be accepted. For instance, when a self-driving automobile is communicating with the traffic signals and vehicles surrounding it, it is constantly evaluating the traffic and also weather changes. It must aggregate and analyze data fast to make sure there is no accident. Boring machines which are used for mining purposes ensure that the worker is not exposed to hazardous conditions. These have to be equipped to calculate and store large amounts of information since you are not likely to get web connectivity so deep below. At the same time, they must also have the power to connect to other infrastructural components and to a centralized server so that they can upload information to a cloud once the mining is done.

So, for both these situations, you will find that distributed computing technologies are working in sync with the traditional cloud hosting model. This is how IoT is influencing cloud computing. Cloud hosting is undergoing changes to adjust to the new business processes and workflows. As more and more data and cloud services start getting used, fog computing plays a pivotal role in eliminating latency.  Using these technologies the web developers can now deliver rich content to end users faster and in a more affordable way. It is predicted that by 2020, the IoT will be catering to nearly 4 billion individuals using 31 billion devices. So, IoT strives to make services, applications and devices omnipresent.

As IoT brings forth more and more technological innovations, you will find more start-ups coming out with more advanced products and services which are useful for cloud vendors too. Cloud hosting turns out to be beneficial for start-ups as there is no upfront payment for the cloud. Cloud hosting has actually grown mainly in the developing countries which were initially slow to adopt this technology, so nearly 90% of revenues from IoT are obtained from these countries. Moreover, with IoT, data analytics are expected to be more accurate and they will be able to rightly predict consumer behavior.

The IoT may be exciting as it is but when combined with cloud computing, the results are expected to be even more innovative. When interactions take place between thousands of web-connected devices, huge volumes of data will get produced. This data will then be stored; it must be changed into usable knowledge and cloud technology will do it for you. The cloud systems can transform this data and come out with insights and you can then produce cost-effective actions from such insights. Cloud computing will offer virtualized environments for monitoring devices, analytics tools, storage devices, integrating applications etc. This utility-based model will then allow businesses to access data anytime from any place. It is important to make sure that data is secure and private in this IoT; without this people will not be comfortable with the free information flow. Universal web connectivity may be useful but it can pose a threat unless you deploy specific mechanisms like data encryption and authentication systems. So, the technology industry will have to implement basic measures for securing individual privacy and sensitive data storage. 

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