A Data Center Rack is a framework consisting of physical steel and electronic parts. It is designed to keep computing equipment such as networking devices, servers, cables, and others. It helps in storing equipment in an organized manner in a data center.
Primarily, data center racks were created to house different types of servers, such as blade or rack-mounted), but slowly they were modified to hold other components too, like cooling systems, UPS, networking equipment, telecommunication equipment, and so on.
Generally, each of these racks is prefabricated to have slots for connecting cables. These cables are for networking, electric, and internet purposes. These racks are designed in a systematic manner and are classified on the basis of their number of bays or capacity, which indicates the amount of equipment they can hold.
Most racks are customizable and can be configured to be compatible with the leading server manufacturers’ equipment. They usually have a symmetrical frame so that enclosures can be bayed either side by side, in a corner, one in front of another, in a U or T arrangement, or even together without having the need for an intermediate frame. The frame system usually has multiple internal surfaces and points for easy placement of equipment and accessories. Its top panel is secured with standard eyebolts, the screws of which can be easily loosened to allow for ventilation or cable entry. Its stable design allows for the use of roof-mounted cooling units.