Data management technology involves all the disciplines and practices to manage data as a valuable resource. In an integrated manner, it is an administrative process,through which the required data is retrieved,stored, validated, processed and protected. With this technical approach, data accessibility, reliability, and timeliness are maintained in order to satisfy the need of online users.
Management of data is an integral part of a research project. Data management is the process of controlling information which is generated through a research study. The professional organization continuing in data management has defined DAMA as the development and execution of architectures, standards, policies, procedures and practices to properly manage entire life cycle needs of an enterprise. The inception of data management technique arose in 1980\\\'s as technology made the transition from sequential processing to random access processing.
Effective data management practices comprise of:
- Designating the responsibilities to each individual involved in data management study.
- Examining how data will be stored and backed up.
- Implementation of data management plan.
- Deciding how data will effect through each modification made in data management plan.