In information technology, a server is a computer system that provides data to other computers (or the programs) in a local area network or wide area network through the internet. Basically, a server is a running instance of an application (software or program) capable of accepting requests from the client side and serving responses accordingly. Servers operate at client-server architecture and serve the request of other programs. It facilitates client to share data, software, hardware resources or any kind of information.
The clients typically connect to the server computer through network but may run on the same computer. There are many types of server including web servers, mail servers and file servers, and each type of servers run the programs specific to the purpose of the server. For example, a web server may run the Apache Http server or Microsoft IIS, which both provide access to websites over internet. Any computer can be configured as a server;most giant enterprise use rack mountable hardware designed specifically to serve the purpose of the server.
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